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Who. What. Where. When. Why. How.

Photo By Breather

(A brain dump on how we (Cast & Crew) go about creative problem solving.)

We go through an exercise in asking: who, what, where, when, why, how (inspired by Rudyard Kipling)

We (and many other creative professionals) use this practice to capitalize on opportunities, or identify/address threats to a business.

Problem Identification: What needs to happen?

  • PUSH – I want to tell/give people something:
    [information, news, …?]
  • PULL – I want to get something from people:
    [purchase product, event registration, volunteer signup …?]
  • Are we marketing versus selling – yes there is a difference.

Scope Definition: Where do I plan to tackle this?

  • ONLINE – Website, Social Media, …?
  • PRINT – Brochure, Newspaper AD, Billboard, …?
  • INTERACTIVE – Mobile App, Web Application, …?

Target Identification [Stakeholders, Customers, …]:

  • Who are the people affected by the opportunity / threat?
  • Build an “exhaustive” list:
    [Students, Mentors, Parents, Founder, Organization, …?]

Success Definition:

Given the problem, scope, and target, how do I know I am successful? For example:

  • When [target] comes to my website, they should learn about …?
  • I can sell …[metric]… more …[product]… to …[target]… if I had an e-commerce enabled website.

Now make it personal:

[Identify the motivation behind opportunity/threat. This allows the project team to understand the endeavor and get on the same page, and speak the same language.]

    – – WHY am I PUSHING to WHO…?
    [answer for each stakeholder identified above]
  • WHO is the PUSH coming from?
    [this is where “about us” info comes from, also allows us to define the voice of the copy on the site]
  • WHAT are we PUSHING?
  • HOW are we PUSHING?
  • WHERE are we PUSHING?
    – – WHERE else do we need to PUSH?

I cannot stress how important it is to do this work!

Based on your comprehensive answers to the questions above, we can paint a pretty remarkable picture, simply because we will have a better understanding of the problem. And when the result is launched, it is effective, because the approach really puts the user at the center of all things.

Anything less than maximum effort in trying to answer these questions will betray the exercise and result in mediocracy.

Lets do this!

photo credit: Breather

when/why my kids whine and cry

I think I made a psychological breakthrough today.

At the time of this writing, I have two toddlers who are 17 months apart, so for most of the year they were 4 and 5 year olds.

It seems that every 13 minutes or so, when they aren’t in school or sleeping or eating, they are either fighting, screaming, crying, or whining – sometimes they are doing all of the above at the same time. My point is that, seldom are they super friendly towards each other in the cute type of way.

I always ask myself, why do they whine or cry so much?

So here is my breakthrough moment;

I just identified the difference between expression and communication when it comes to my toddlers!

Lets say I bang my small toe against the corner of the door, and I scream curse words, I am expressing both my physical state (pain) and my emotional condition (embarrassment that I was so stupid not to pay attention)…

So I cry and whine as an expression. When this happens, there really isn’t any type of consolation or words that can truly help me, until the moment passes…

My youngest, Tobi, truly despises mornings. He lets us know every morning that he despises mornings. He expresses this by taking-as-long-as-possible to get dressed, eat, or anything else, and in-between are fits of crying and whining. I can’t tell you how much this upsets me!

It makes no sense why he has to cry because “…the pants he wants to wear are in the hamper…”

Lets pause for a second. Remember this?:

#failTip: Respond to emotion with reason or reason with emotion.

-via @mattmight on twitter

So when Tobi’s morning expressions are underway, I should not take it personal, and just let the little guy be. Yes, this too shall pass.

On the flip side of that, my Tolu is super sensitive – like SUPER sensitive. Sometimes when something is bothering him, he’ll bust out into tears. A lot of times I mess up because he is trying to communicate something to me, but his thoughts are bathed in tears – which frustrate me. Or he wants to get a thought across and he interrupts or whines…

So when he does this, I simply should acknowledge him, or listen, or ask questions…

I say all of this to say if you are in my demographic, and you are in the middle of a crying fit, ask yourself, is this kid trying to communicate with me or are they expressing themselves?

This way I can respond in a productive manner, and realize that it is not about me – and not take it personally.

Lastly, I think this applies to adults as well… seriously I think it does, but I am not going to go there.

photo credit: John Ungureanu


Photo By Breather

The perfect space for (Cast & Crew) would allow us to:

do good: work
conquer: loneliness & solitude
be safe: emotionally & physically
do better: socializing & presenting & pitching & networking & performing


photo credit: Breather

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We are always both free and destined

– Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

and it continues


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